Building Codes And Permits
Building codes vary greatly depending on where you live. Any roofing project you undertake must comply with your area’s specific building codes. Certain areas of the country have region-specific building codes of compliance. For example, Miami-Dade County in Florida enforces building codes to ensure that homeowners have the best protection against weather events such as hurricanes.
Before you begin any roofing project, it is vitally important to contact your town’s municipal building to obtain the proper building permits and for the correct building codes for your area. If you do not obtain a building permit for your roofing project, you may be subject to significant fines and penalties.
The most important step to preparing your roof for recycling is to pre-sort materials as they come off the roof. Shingles, felt or other asphaltic underlayment, and nails are what get recycled. The goal is to get these materials into a separate pile or container. Doing this pre-sorting can even save you money, because you’re making it easier for the recycler.
Wood, metal, and other mixed jobsite debris should be kept separate. Many recyclers will allow you to place these materials on top of the load—maybe with a tarp separating the two layers—but it must be easy for the recycler to separate the materials, otherwise the load will not be recycled. Check with your recycler first.
You can find a recycler near you at www.shinglerecycling.org. Or, many municipal transfer stations have recycling arrangements. Be sure to call in advance to see if there are any special requirements.
When looking for a new roof, rest assured you’ve come to the right place. Not only because most GAF shingles now offer a Lifetime Ltd. Warranty for peace of mind, but because you’re almost certain to find the right combination of style and color to suit your taste.
What Materials Will I Need?
GAF has made it easy for you to determine the materials you need for your new roof. Our Roof Wizard walks you through four simple steps: selecting your shingle style, your shingle color, your warranty coverage level, and your roof accessories.
Important Note: GAF’s best warranties—including those that cover the quality of the installer—are only available when a roof is installed by a GAF factory-certified contractor. Find one here.
Estimating How Much Material You Will Need
To estimate the amount of material you need for your roof, you must first calculate your roof's pitch (slope). The pitch is the rise over the run. A tool called an inclinometer should be placed on the top ridge of the house and will allow you to record the measurement of the slope. Then you must determine the total square footage. Measure all sections of your roof, including the hips, valleys, ridges, eaves, rakes, and any overhangs.
Once you have all your measurements, use them to calculate the total square footage. Be sure to take the measurement you got from the inclinometer and use a roof pitch factor chart to figure out how much you will need to add to the total square footage. Then, divide that number by 100 to get how many squares (10' x 10') of roofing material you’ll require for your roofing job. You can find numerous roof calculators and measuring guides online to assist you in this process. Remember to estimate the amount of tear-off debris you will need to handle as well at this time.
Estimating Roof Ventilation Requirements
Deciding on the proper vent and the amount of ventilation needed is critical. Always consult your local building code for balanced attic ventilation requirements in your area.
To calculate the amount of ventilation you need for your home, visit GAF's Ventilation Calculator.
Where To Buy Materials
Choosing The Best Value Shingles For Your Home
For projects on a budget, GAF’s Three-Tab Shingles will give you basic, affordable protection for your home.
The #1-selling shingles in North America, Timberline® Lifetime Shingles offer the very best combination of performance and value that you can get for your home.
GAF’s Lifetime Designer Shingles are our top-of-the-line asphalt shingles. Offered in a wide array of styles and colors, these shingles come in two categories to choose from depending on your budget: the Ultra-Premium Collection and the Value Collection.
Tearoff Or Overlay?
You should tear off old roofing to repair or replace rotted or deteriorated decking and framing; to replace bad flashing; to install proper soffit ventilation; to install leak barriers; to seal critical leak areas such as valleys, dormers, skylights, chimneys, roof slope transition areas, ice dam areas, and wind-driven rain entry points; and to comply with building codes.
Many top contractors feel that you should remove old roofing on every project, but it is acceptable to overlay when the existing roof is lying flat, when flashing and roof deck protection are still performing, if there have been no previous leak problems, and if ventilation at the soffit is acceptable or attainable without tearing off roofing.